Rosha Travels and Tours P. Ltd.

India

 India is one of the oldest civilizations with a kaleidoscopic variety and rich cultural heritage. It has achieved multifaceted socio-economic progress and self-sufficient in agricultural production and is now the tenth industrialized country in the world and the sixth nation to have gone into outer space to conquer nature for the benefit of the people. It covers an area of 32,87,2631 sq km, Bounded by the Great Himalayas in the north, it stretches southwards and at the Tropic of Cancer, tapers off into the Indian Ocean between the Bay of Bengal on the east and the Arabian Sea on the west. Countries having a common border with India are Afghanistan and Pakistan to north-west, China, Bhutan and Nepal to north, Myanmar to the east and Bangladesh to the east of West Bengal. Sri Lanka is separated from India by a narrow channel of sea formed by the Palk Strait and the Gulf of Mannar

Fact sheet

Capital: Delhi

Government: Federal Republic

Currency: Indian Rupee (INR)

Population: 1,147,995,898 (2008 est.)

Language: Hindi, English and 21 other official languages

Religion: Hindu 81.3%, Muslim 12%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other groups including Buddhist, Jain, Parsi 2.5% (2000)

Electricity: 230V/50Hz, Indian (Old British)/European plugs

Politics: India is a republic, with the President as the Head of State and the head of government is the Prime Minister, who is the leader of the majority party in both houses.

In practice the Prime Minister is one who wields the most authority in government, with the President being the nominal head of state.

Time: Indian Standard Time (IST) is 5 hours and 30 minutes ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT+5.5). Daylight Saving is not observed.

Climate: India has three seasons a year, Summer, Rainy Season (or “Monsoon”) and Winter, though in the tropical South calling the 25°C (77°F) weather “Winter” would be stretching the concept. The North experiences some extremes of heat in Summer and cold in Winter, but except in the Himalayan regions, snow is almost unheard of. November to January is the winter season and April and May are the hot months when everyone eagerly awaits the rains. Spring is short in February and March, especially in North India.

 

Visa information

You must get a visa before arriving in India and these are easily available at Indian missions worldwide. An onward travel ticket is a requirement for most visas, but this is not always enforced (check in advance), except for the 72-hour transit visa.

Depending on your purpose of visit, you can get a tourist visa (six months), a business visa (6 months, one year or more, multiple entries) or a student visa (up to 5 years). A special 10 year visa (US$150, business and tourist) is available to US citizens only. An Indian visa is valid from the day it is issued, not the date of entry.

India has introduced a new visa-on-arrival scheme, which is available to citizens of Finland, Japan, New Zealand, Luxembourg and Singapore at the airports in Chennai, Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata for a stay of up to 30 days. The visa-on-arrival costs US$60, is valid for a single entry and is not extendable. In addition, there is a minimum two month gap between the expiry of one tourist visa and the issuance of the next. This while process is unlikely to take less than 3 days, and can take much longer if you include weekends, numerous government holidays and the inevitable bizarre bureaucratic requirements. Please log in for updating visa information http://www.mha.nic.in/uniquepage.asp?ID_PK=334

 

Customs and immigration

Foreigner tourist and you aren’t entering through Nepal, Bhutan or Pakistan, you are entitled to bring in your “used personal effects and travel souvenirs” and Rs. 4,000,- worth of articles for “gifts”. If you are bringing any new packaged items along, it is a good idea to carry along the invoices for them to show their value. You are also allowed to bring in 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250 grams of tobacco and 1 liter of alcohol duty-free. If you do not have anything to declare, you can go through the green channel clearly marked at various airports and generally you will not be harassed.

 

Religion and rituals thoughts

In mosques, churches and temples it is obligatory to take off your shoes. It may also be customary to take off your footwear while entering into homes, follow other people’s lead.

It is disrespectful to touch or point at people with your feet. If done accidentally, you will find that Indians will make a quick gesture of apology that involves touching the offended person with the right hand, and then moving the hand to the chest and to the eyes. It is a good idea to emulate that.

Books and money are treated with respect, as they are considered as being concrete/physical forms of the Hindu Goddess of Learning, Saraswati and money as being physical representations of the Goddess Lakshmi (of Wealth) in human form, and should not be disrespected.

Rosha Travels & Tours P. Ltd.

Amrit Marg, Jyatha, Thamel Kathmandu, Nepal
977-1-4152018
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