Rosha Travels and Tours P. Ltd.



Nepal General Information
Welcome to a comprehensive Nepal information site. It gives general information of Nepal’s history, geography, cultural, religious, economic, politics, different ethnic groups, language, festivals, tourism, trekking/climbing expedition, sight-seeing tours, family/incentive holiday trips, accommodation etc. for the travelers, researchers and trekkers. Holiday Mountain Treks is a Nepal tours/treks/travel trip organizer/operator for your holiday arrangements need in Nepal. Every details are given here.

Nepal-a spectacular and fascinating destination is a tiny Himalayan country, situated between the great civilizations of India and China. Within its borders, Nepal’s geography manages to compress a myriad of eco-systems from the nearly sea level elevation of the lowland jungles to the barren high altitude deserts to the highest point on earth-mt. Everest 8848m. this Himalayan Mountain Kingdom besides being home to eight of the world’s ten highest mountains is also extremely rich and diverse in culture. Stunning mountain panoramas towering over terraced foothills, delightful villages hidden amongst beautiful forests, rushing rivers plunging from the glaciers of the high Himalaya, Jungle Safaris, ancient temples and practices in abundance. Nepal’s vast bio diversity with friendliest people you are ever likely to meet and the beauty of Nepal begins to shine through. So NEPAL –Ancient temples and cities to be explored and fascination culture to be experienced.

Some information.

Location: Between India and The Tibetan Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China
Area : 147,181 Sq. Kms.
Longitude: 80° 4’ and 88°12’ East.
Capital : Kathmandu
People: 60 ethnic groups and 70 spoken languages
Political-System : Multiparty Democracy with Constitutional Monarchy
Topography : From the world’s deepest gorge ‘Kaligandaki to Everest, the highest point on earth.
Vegetation: Nepal possesses some of the most outstanding bio-diversity in the world, ranging from sub-tropical Rain-forests to Alpine deserts.
Weather: Climate ranges from Tropical in the lowlands to arctic higher altitudes.
Seasons : Autumn (September-November). Winter (December-February), Summer (March-May), Monsoon (Jun- August),
Monsoon: June to mid September. Mostly rains a lot, however the following days are often crispy clean and fresh not a suitable time for trekking. Most of the northern belt of the Trans-Himalayan Zones are in the rain-shadow which provide rain free trekking.
National Bird : Impean Pheasant (Danfe)
National Flower : Rhododendron- Arboreum (Lali Gurans)

World Heritage sites (cultural):
1. Pashupatinath
2. Swayambhu
3. Bouddha
4. Bhaktapur
5. Chagunarayan
6. Kathmandu Durbar Square
7. Patan Durbar Square
8.Bhaktapur – Durbar Square

Nepal is one the few countries in the world where seven World Heritage Sites are situated within a 20 km. radius.

World Heritage Sites (Natural):
1. Everest National Park
2. Royal Chitwan National Park.

National Parks:
1. Royal Bardia National Park (968 sq. kms.)
2. Langtang National Park (1710 sq. kms.)
3. Shey- Phoksundo National Park (3555 sq. kms.)
4. Rara National Park (106 sq. kms.)
5. Khaptad National Park (225 sq. kms.)
6. Makalu-Barun National Park (2330 sq. kms.)

Wildlife Reserves:
1. Sukla Phanta Reserve (305 sq. kms.)
3. Parsa Reserve (499 sq. kms.)
3. Koshi-Tappu Reserve (175 sq.kms.)

Conservation Areas:
1. Annapurna (1325 sq.kms)
2. Makalu-Barun (2330 sq.kms.)
3. Hunting Reserve:
4. Dhorpatan (1325 sq.kms.)

A living culture Heritage:
Nepal’s heritage is alive and dynamic, with ancient Hindu and Buddhist cultures still vibrant. Even shamanism, animism and witchcraft are still practiced in remote regions. Temples, shrines, monuments and Monasteries are extremely active with devotees burning butter-lamps, singing hymns, chiming temple bells and playing drums. The spiritual aspect of life is of immense importance to all Nepalese. Religious rites, ceremonies and festivals provide not only colour and excitement. They fill the atmosphere with food for the soul to accompany the majesty of the mountains and valleys.

Time-honored crafts, agricultural methods and social structures exist hand in hand with modernization programs, offering the visitor a fascinating juxtaposition of new and old. Nepali’s are committed to protecting and preserving our social, natural and spiritual heritage even as we accept and install many aspects of modern technology in order to ease and improve living conditions in many areas. While we are intent upon keeping our patrimony within Nepal, we are very anxious to share it with visitors.

Endangered Species:
Endangered species which find protection in Nepal include:: tiger, rhino, snow leopard, clouded leopard, red panda, brown bear, Asamese macaque, Gangetic dolphin, wolf, wild elephant, giant horn-bill, swamp dear, Wild yak, nayan, Tibetan antelope, black buck, four horned antelope, musk deer, pigmy hog, haspid hare, pangolin, gharial, Indian buzzard, Saras crane, impean pheasant, python etc.

Nepal provides one of the world’s best habitats for the one-horned rhino, Royal Bengal tiger, snow-leopard, clouded-leopard, red panda, blue sheep and long snouted fish eating Gharil. Other wildlife includes wild elephant, buffalo, bison, blue bull, brown bear, sloth bear, leopard, crocodiles and many varieties of cat, dog, deer and antelope families. As well as 840 different species of wetland, migratory and residential birds.





Rosha Travels & Tours P. Ltd.

Amrit Marg, Jyatha, Thamel Kathmandu, Nepal
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